Kashmir gave the subcontinent which famous people?


Today, February 5, is the 33rd anniversary of the Kashmir Solidarity Day tradition. This day has been celebrated every year since the proposal of Qazi Hussain Ahmed and the support and patronage of Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto.

For the first time in the time of Benazir Bhutto's father Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, this day was celebrated with a shutter down strike in solidarity with Kashmiris on both sides of the Line of Control.

It was just a coincidence that in 1975, when Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto called on Kashmiris around the world to protest against the 'Indira Abdullah Accord', it was February 24.

It is interesting to note that February has been an important month in the history and movements of Kashmiris. 125 years ago today, in the month of February, the first organization of Kashmiris in the subcontinent was tarnished.

Allama Iqbal was the first Secretary General of the Anjuman Kashmiri Muslims Lahore, which was formed in February 1896.

The founders and motivators of this organization were the Kashmiri people who migrated from the state of Kashmir to Lahore and other cities of Punjab at different times.

According to English writer Walter Lawrence, "Poverty, famine, earthquakes and tyranny of the rulers in Kashmir caused thousands of Kashmiri families to migrate to different parts of India in the late 18th century and early 19th century."

The Kashmiri people extended the scope of this association to the whole of India by naming it 'All India Muslim Kashmiri Conference' for the sake of their connection with their homeland.

After the formation of Pakistan, this organization adopted the name of 'All Pakistan Muslim Kashmiri Conference'. Most readers will not be aware that former Prime Minister of Pakistan Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif was the president of this organization in 1980 before he entered politics.

Former President of Pakistan-administered Kashmir Muhammad Hayat Khan, in his autobiography, Dastan-e-Hayat, details the meetings with Nawaz Sharif in this capacity.

The majority is aware of the Kashmiri background of former Prime Ministers of Pakistan and India Nawaz Sharif and Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, but perhaps few people know that former Governor General of Pakistan and Prime Minister Khawaja Nazimuddin was also of Kashmiri descent. His family had migrated from the state of Kashmir to Bengal.

When Bengal is mentioned, Nawab of Dhaka Nawab Saleemullah Khan is remembered as the founder of the All India Muslim League. Nawab Sahib's ancestors who started the independence movement also belonged to the state of Kashmir.

The bloody incidents at Jallianwala Bagh in India's struggle for independence are remembered as the catalyst for Punjab's awakening.

Dr. Saifuddin Kachlo, the hero of Jallianwala and known as the emperor of politics in history, was a true nationalist leader. He spent 17 years of his life in prison.

The meeting at Jallianwala Bagh in which Sikhs and Muslims were shot by the British was to be presided over by Saifuddin Kachlo and Lala Lajpat Rai. Despite his arrest, his symbolic participation was arranged by placing a picture of Dr. Kachlo on an empty chair in the meeting.

This zealous leader of Indian independence opened his eyes in 1888 to a Kashmiri merchant family in Amritsar. Educated at Aligarh, Cambridge and Berlin. He was also the Central Secretary General of the All India Congress and President of Punjab.

He died in India in 1963 and was buried there. Waheeda, daughter of Dr. Saifuddin Kachlo, came to Pakistan. She continued to serve as the Principal of Girls' College in Gujranwala and Rawalpindi.

Everyone knows the name of Kashmiri leader Sheikh Abdullah, but his name and compatriot and another Sheikh Abdullah is a forgotten character of our history.

He was a close friend of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan. He did what Sir Syed had done in Tamil. This was the establishment of Girls School for the Education of Muslim Girls. In 1906, Sheikh Abdullah and his wife Begum Waheed Jahan established Aligarh Girls School.

The couple's tradition of not taking into account the reactionary thinking and opposition to women's education has had a profound effect on Muslim society.

Sheikh Abdullah belonged to Poonch, a sub-state of Kashmir at that time. His daughter Rashida Jahan was one of the founders of the progressive movement. Who introduced Faiz Ahmed Faiz to this movement. Begum Khurshid, a well-known Pakistani television drama actress, was the daughter of Sheikh Abdullah.

The state of Kashmir, along with other features of Jammu region, has an attribute that makes it popular and distinguished. Its soil gave birth to two of the top singers in the subcontinent. The city of sweet and passionate songs of Kundan Lal Sehgal and Queen Pakhraj is in every corner of Pakistan and India.

Kundan Lal Sehgal was born in 1904 in a family in Jammu city. He is considered to be the first superstar of the Indian film industry. Due to his mother's interest in music, he became involved with music and instruments.

Although he started his film career in 1932 with the film 'Tears of Love', his real fame came from RC Borrell's film 'Devdas'.

The songs of this film released in 1935 took Sehgal to the heights of fame overnight. Until his death in 1947, he left an indelible mark on the 15-year film journey by singing and acting in more than 36 films. Even today, the mention of playback singing is incomplete without Sehgal.

Queen Pakraj was also a contemporary and compatriot of Sehgal. Born in 1910 in a town near Akhnoor in Kashmir. He learned classical music from Ustad Ali Bakhsh, the father of Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan.

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