why Bangladesh separated from Pakistan the capital debates 2022 part 2

When the elections started, Sheikh Mujibur Rehman came to Lahore. The desire to see it brought me to Lahore. He had a meeting in Gol Bagh (now Nasir Bagh). The people of West Pakistan were so captivated by Bhutto that Mujib's rally seemed like a rally of an ordinary political leader, but for a leader who has spent many years with India on charges of conspiracy and treason. In the heart of the Punjab, in a city like Lahore, it was a huge crowd. His speech was very impressive. Probably he could not express his conscience so well in Urdu, or people were not interested in his style of politics. Because later in the speeches that I heard that he did in Bengali, he seems to be a fiery statement.

why Bangladesh separated from Pakistan the capital debates 2022 part 2
why Bangladesh separated from Pakistan the capital debates 2022 part 2

Elections took place and these elections came with terribly surprising results. West Pakistan was captivated by the magic of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto's personality, but Bhutto's magic did not work in East Pakistan or he had excluded East Pakistan from his book of politics from day one. The PPP did not field a single candidate in the late East Pakistan. East Pakistan had 161 seats out of 300, but the PPP cadres dreamed and dreamed of ruling the country on the basis of West Pakistan alone.

Perhaps this dream was taken out of East Pakistan. I am an eye-witness to what seems to be the first step towards the realisation of this dream. It was Bhutto's rally in which a terrible announcement was made at the request of Sheikh Mujib. Sheikh Mujibur Rehman had demanded that 25 years have passed since the formation of this country, so far all the centres of power have been in West Pakistan. But this will not happen now, we are in the majority, so the National Assembly will now meet in Dhaka. The meeting was full of meaningful speeches by Bhutto. Bhutto's whole emphasis was on the fact that any member of the Assembly who would attend the assembly session in Dhaka would be a traitor. This was the meeting in which he addressed Mujeeb-ur-Rehman and said, "Here you are, here we are." He said enthusiastically that he would go to Dhaka, "I will break his legs and then he approached Ahmad Raza Kasuri who was sitting on the stage and grabbed his hand and gestured to break his legs".

Surprisingly, the same Ahmad Raza Kasuri who broke the legs of Bhutto at the rally resounding with slogans, went to Dhaka to attend the rally, disregarding this hateful image of Ahmad Raza Kasuri Bhutto. It is a different matter that he was punished for his "insolence" in the form of repeated assassination attempts and finally the murder of his father Nawab Muhammad Ahmad Khan. A poisonous propaganda was being spread all over the country that Sheikh Mujibur Rehman would convene a meeting in Dhaka and the SBP would transfer there. All the gold of Pakistan will go to him and then he will declare independence. The PPP network was at the forefront of this propaganda.

Sheikh Mujib had no opposition in East Pakistan. Noorul Amin won only one seat, while in West Pakistan the opposition was much stronger than Bhutto's, and in two provinces Balochistan and NWFP the opposition parties had a majority. In the 300-seat House, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman had 160 seats, while Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto had 81 seats. They were assembled. But the PPP in West Pakistan had created such an atmosphere that everyone, special and common, thought that holding an assembly session in Dhaka was in fact a seal of approval for the destruction of Pakistan. Probably no politician at that time was mature enough to convince the people that even if the SBP moved there, it would not make any difference to the business of the western region.

Looking back today, I wish that forty-one members of the West Pakistani opposition had gone to Dhaka to attend the assembly session, then maybe this country would have survived the breakup, or we would have been able to stay together for a few more years. ۔ But here everyone was engaged in their own manners and in this manner the future of Pakistan was at stake. When politicians on both sides are engaged in such a tug-of-war that one says the meeting should be held in Dhaka and the other says it should be held in Islamabad, and both remain steadfast, then Yahya Khan who is in power. The force was Brahman, he got a chance to play openly. Yahya Khan saw his survival in this struggle of politicians.

Talks started with Sheikh Mujib, his six points in the newspapers across the country began to be branded as hostile to the country. Bhutto said the assembly should not be convened unless the basic structure of the constitution is agreed upon. It is wonderful that the assembly which has to make the constitution itself, create a consensus before its session. Everyone could smell the conspiracy. Bhutto, Mujeeb After the talks, Bhutto said that five and a half out of six points have been agreed upon. This half-point is still unknown, which led to a riot, and on March 26, 1971, an Army operation called "Operation Search Light" began. There was no one in the whole of West Pakistan to speak against it. 

When only three journalists marched in Lahore, people stood up and spat on them. When Bhutto returned from Dhaka, he said at the airport, "Thank God Pakistan survived." But in fact the foundation of Pakistan's ruin was laid that day. What a strange coincidence that this military operation started on March 26, 1971 under the supervision of General Tika Khan and was completed in May 1971. Because he was then the Governor and Chief Martial Law Administrator of East Pakistan. General Tika Khan, the caretaker of the military operation in East Pakistan, was once again made by Bhutto to oversee the military operation in Balochistan, where he became known as the butcher. After his retirement, Tika Khan was appointed National Security Advisor by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto in 1976.

Tika Khan, in-charge of military operations in East Pakistan, was appointed Governor of Punjab by Benazir Bhutto when she came to power in 1988. But there is also a character in this tragic story of the military operation that is still shrouded in obscurity. But the character of this person was such that it should be mentioned in golden letters. This person is Lieutenant General Sahibzada Yaqub Ali Khan. When Yahya Khan adjourned the National Assembly under Bhutto's pressure, riots broke out.

Sahibzada Yaqub Ali Khan was the Martial Law Administrator and Governor of East Pakistan at that time. He refused to initiate army action and presented his four-page memorandum to Yahya Khan. As a result, he was demoted from lieutenant general to major general. After which he never wrote his military rank with his name again. The fire that was kindled on March 26, 1971 was such that it engulfed the whole of East Pakistan and on December 16, 1971, it reduced Khurram of this God-given kingdom to ashes.

It was the saddest day of my life. Fifteen years of age is not enough to weep over national tragedies, but I don't know why I wept bitterly that night. Before my eyes all the characters of the last seven years who appeared on the horizon of Pakistani politics revolved. We used to call him the Messiah, whom people loved to the point of worship, but perhaps none of them seemed to have injured their hands to save the Khurram of this God-given country from burning.

General Niazi had surrendered on December 16, 1971, but the West Pakistani politician had surrendered many years ago. In this tragedy, everyone was selfish, selfish, self-interested and selfish.

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