The beginning of Buddhism in South Asia the capital debates world reports 2022

Buddhism, like Jainism, is a religion born of criticism of Vedic Hinduism. Unlike Jainism, it does not preach God. It is a religion based on the original teachings of Gautama Buddha or a philosophy beyond that.

The beginning of Buddhism in South Asia the capital debates world reports 2022
The beginning of Buddhism in South Asia the capital debates world reports 2022

Gautama Buddha was born in Lumbini, present-day Nepal. He gave up material life because he believed that life was subject to old age, disease and death, and that there could be something better than that, that is, to be free from the cycle of rebirth and attain Nirvana, which is a There is a state of perfect peace, freedom and the highest happiness, as well as attachment to the world and deliverance from worldly misery.

After years of wandering in northern India, he came to enlightenment while sitting under a tree in Buddhagaya, a place in Bihar. From here he started his teachings and started preaching. Buddhism as a religion originated between the 4th and 6th centuries BC. It became prominent in India at a time when Vedic Hinduism was declining. It reached its peak during the Mauryan Empire under King Ashoka in the third century BC and reached everywhere.

The act of Buddhism as a different and coordinated religion lost its impact later the Gupta time frame (seventh century AD), and the last state to help it, the Pala Empire, came to an end in the century. Hinduism had re-emerged and challenged it, and social and political influence had passed into the hands of the Brahmins. By the end of the twelfth century, it had largely disappeared from the subcontinent, except for isolated remains in the Himalayan region and parts of southern India.

At the heart of Buddhism is the concept of four truths. Sorrow, censorship, nirvana and the "eightfold path". We crave and cling to the unsustainable conditions and things of this world, which is sad for Buddhists, that is, deprived of comfort and painful. It traps us in a never-ending cycle of censorship, rebirth, misery and re-death.

But there is a way to be free from this endless cycle and to attain the state of Nirvana, that is, to follow the eight great instructions. This path actually consists of eight elements: right vision, right intention, right speech, right behavior, right means of livelihood, right effort, right memory, and right meditation (complete meditation or meditation).

To attain freedom from the realm of rebirth, a Buddhist had to live a very pious life. To leave the world means to give up all wealth and keep only the most basic things like clothes to wear and a cup to eat. "Breaking someone's begging cup" This is related to the characteristic of religion.

This line of dervishes in Buddhism makes it clear that not everyone can live according to these principles. Otherwise, who will produce food for begging? In practical life, at a time when Buddhism was widely practiced, this must mean that there must have been many monks and nuns, as well as people who went after their daily activities and Revered monks, begged and performed rituals. An important part of the rituals was meditation.

Buddhist sites are called stupas for these rituals. The stupa is a mound-like or semi-spherical structure that contains relics. Tawaf (walking around the stupa during worship) is an important part of Buddhism. Another important feature of Buddhism is the idea of ​​human equality. In Hinduism, where the caste system has set invincible boundaries between human beings, a society based on classification has been built.

Where the majority is placed at the bottom of the social ladder, Buddhism especially rejects this part of Hinduism. Some scholars are of the opinion that Islam which came to the subcontinent from the 7th century AD, spread to the same areas of India where Buddhists ruled after the conversion to Buddhism. Why did Islam also teach equality of human beings? Was more acceptable to former Buddhists than

Today's North Pakistan and Afghanistan, as well as Northeast India, are important places where Buddhism once struggled hard, even as it retreated into the Central Subcontinent and began to spread beyond South Asia. ۔ Unfortunately, these Buddhist sites are badly overlooked.

Since the nineteenth century, the cutting edge restoration of Buddhism in India has incorporated the Mahabodhi Society (established in 1891), and the Dalit Buddhist Movement, established by Dr. Ambedkar in 1956. Ambedkar was an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer who influenced the Dalit Buddhist movement and campaigned against social discrimination with the untouchables (Dalits). He was the British Minister of Labor in the Executive Council of the Viceroy, Chairman of the Constitutional Committee, the first Minister of Law and Justice of Independent India, and is the Chief Architect of the Constitution of Hindustan. 

Ambedkar substantially reinterpreted Buddhism for his own purposes. According to him, many of the basic beliefs and guidelines of the traditional Buddhist tradition, such as the Four Great Truths and Anata, were flawed and frustrating, and may have been incorporated into Buddhist scriptures by some Buddhist monks in later times. I am

In Ambedkar's view, they should not be taken as the teachings of the Buddha. Other basic concepts of Buddhism such as karma and reincarnation were considered by Ambedkar to be superstitious. About half a million Dalits (formerly untouchables) joined them and converted to neo-Buddhism because they rejected Hinduism, challenged the caste system in India and the Dalit community. Promoted rights.

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